Some of you may also enjoy these interviews.
In the first (2009) he forecasts major inflation in the US, as a strategy of getting out of debt
In the second (1998) he forcasted a crash due to leveraging, blames globalisation, claims the IMF was doing more harm than good, and has an interesting twist to the explanation of the protracted crisis in Japan (due to cultural reasons related to saving).
By: CNBC.com | 06 Feb 2009 | 03:28 AM ET
The US risks being hit by Zimbabwe-style hyperinflation and there are signs that the world's biggest economy risks turning into a banana republic, Marc Faber, author of the Gloom, Doom & Boom report, told CNBC's "Asia Squawk Box."
Current DateTime: 11:29:54 16 Feb 2009
LinksList Documentid: 29047514
The government's increased intervention in the economy is likely to slow down economic growth because history shows that every time the private sector shrinks to make way for the government sector, the economy suffers, he said.
Asked whether the US risked being faced with 200 percent inflation, Faber answered: "Well, not yet. Not yet. But I think eventually. If I look at government debt in the US, and debt in general, I think the only way they will not default physically on their debt is to inflate."
The Federal Reserve's policy of printing money and the government's intervention in the economy might undermine the US's economic and political clout, Faber warned.
"Well, I wrote two years ago a report entitled 'Is America becoming a banana republic?' And there are some features that characterize banana republics- totalitarian states, very strong government intervention into the economy, and the polarization of wealth," he said.
"And we have all these trends occurring in the US. We are not yet there. And in theory it could be reversed, but I doubt it will be," Faber added.
Because of these factors, US government and corporate bonds, including that of CNBC parent General Electric [GE 11.44 -0.24 (-2.05%) ]
"Yeh, I think GE should be a junk bond. But I also think the US government should be junk," Faber said, adding: "I don’t pay much attention to rating agencies. The rating agencies have totally failed over the last 3-4 years to identify sick companies."
© 2009 CNBC.com
http://www.abc. net.au/foreign/ stories/s317734. htm
WORLD IN FOCUS
Interview with Marc Faber
Interviewer: George Negus
Faber: (predicting world depression during an earlier interview with George Negus in January 1998) You tell me where it will end? I tell you it will end all in disaster. But will it end in disaster tomorrow...in three months, six months, nine months - that I don't know, but I tell you the whole system is at threat because of the leverage the world is living on....
Negus: Marc when we talked back in January your predictions about the Asian crisis were pretty dire. Given the events of the last couple of weeks, how would your gloom and doom report, if you like, describe the situation in Asia at the moment?
Faber: Well, I think that the Asian economies have essentially collapsed. We have really economic misery which has been compounded by a very high foreign debt level, and when you have your local currency collapsing by fifty percent or eighty percent, as in the case of Indonesia, then obviously your foreign debt becomes extremely burdensome.
Negus: The IMF are predicting an economic contraction in Asia of somewhere between three to five percent, but your report suggests somewhere between ten and fifteen, which is one heck of a discrepancy. Why is your prediction so much more bleak than theirs?
Faber: Well in my opinion the IMF doesn't really understand what they are talking about and they also don't really understand the problems Asia are facing. I'd like to remind you that the IMF had its annual meeting here in September, at which stage they were still quite optimistic about Asia and they thought that the crisis of the Thai baht was unique and that it wouldn't spread or have a contagious impact on the other countries and thereafter everything collapsed. Everywhere in Asia the imports are collapsing by forty to fifty percent. Car sales in Malaysia, in Thailand, Indonesia are down in the order of seventy-five percent... tourism is down twenty-five percent in Hong Kong... So if someone talks about the contraction of just three percent he's dreaming. The contraction is much more severe than that.
Negus: It sounds to me, and I think this was your attitude when I spoke to you earlier this year, that the IMF and other world monetary bodies like the IMF are part of the problem, not part of the solution.
Faber: Well, the IMF each time it bails out a country it distorts the market, and it prevents the market from clearing entirely... it's like the Japanese government, by trying to bail out the banks and other financial institutions over the last seven years, has prevented the Japanese economy from clearing entirely, and therefore the pain in Japan... we are now eight years into the recession, it's still there.
Negus: Do you think that Japan should in fact take the measures that are being suggested to them? Do you think they should make the reforms that are being asked of them?
Faber: But you see, the problem is that you go into these countries and you ask them to reform... the problem is that a number of these countries got into trouble because of the reforms they implemented in the first place. As a result of this globalisation drive a lot of countries opened up their financial markets... they opened up their markets for imports, and therefore they began to run very large trade and current account deficits, plus the money kept on coming in and created bubbles, and when the money exited it created these depressions we have today. So to say, yeah let's go and reform... concretely it's not all that easy.. Furthermore, different countries have different cultures. How do you want to force the Japanese to consume? They don't have homes like in America and Australia where you can park three cars in front of your house. They live in very small spaces - so how many beds, TV sets, furniture items can they buy? It's very limited. They consume to some extent by travelling overseas, that they do, but in addition to that if you look at Japan, the decline of interest rates since 1990 had the following impact. Assuming you are a Japanese and you have the equivalent of one million dollars on deposit at seven percent in 1990, and today you're getting one percent, what is your reaction to that?... to spend more, or to save more?
Negus: Is there a simple way to begin solving this problem?
Faber: It took Japan a long time to get into trouble, and it will take a while to get out of trouble. Having said that, if today someone would put a gun on my head and say "either you buy the Dow Jones in the United States, or the Japanese stock market", I would rather buy the Japanese stock market, because at least in Japan you have a country that has a large trade in current account surplus, whereas in the U.S. you have a country that essentially suffers from similar symptoms that the Asian countries suffered before the crisis - mainly large trade and current account deficits - and of course a lot of debt of the U.S is held by foreigners, and if one day the foreigners decide to exit the U.S. dollar and to sell these assets, the market will plunge. The European market and the U.S. market are up in the sky and will have a very rude awakening within the next two years where these markets could easily decline by fifty percent.
Negus: What's your ultimate prognosis - total breakdown, or do you think we'll stumble on for some time to come?
Faber: Well, personally I'm extremely concerned by the growth of wealth inequality in the world. The wealth inequality's manifested on two levels - inequality between the rich countries and the poor countries, which since 1990 has actually increased very dramatically, especially now following the currency devaluations - and wealth inequality in countries themselves. The typical worker in the Western world, or in Australia is today no better off than ten years ago. However, some people who participated in the bull market of financial assets... they have done extremely well. So you have this disparity between the super rich - the type like Bill Gates, who has a worth close to $US50 billion - and the average worker who's real income hasn't increased. And that in my opinion is bad, because the people who actually would like to consume - the workers and the people living in the third world or in developing countries... they don't have the money to consume - whereas the people who have the money, they already own everything, they don't need to consume anything. And therefore this may very well lead, according to the wealth inequality business cycle theory, to a serious economic downturn.
Negus: Marc Faber, it's always good to talk to you... and you've got to learn to say what you really believe, instead of hedging your bets. Thanks again.
Faber: (laughs) I don't think I hedged them too much.